Overview of EU and its member states' packaging an

2022-06-22
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Overview of EU and its member states' packaging and packaging legislation (2)

2 EU Member States

Germany passed the German Packaging Act in 1991, and the act was revised in 1998 according to the guide to packaging and packaging waste. In 1996, the circular economy and waste management law was promulgated and implemented, requiring commodity producers and distributors to recycle packaging waste and requiring containers and packaging materials to be labeled with green signs. The use fee of green signs shall be determined according to the difficulty of packaging waste recycling. In order to minimize the payment for the use of green signs, relevant enterprises strive to make the packaging simple and light on containers and packaging materials

the German government has very strict environmental requirements for the packaging of imported goods, including: the bonding process is required for the connection of cartons of imported goods; The name on the carton must be printed with water-soluble pigment; Do not use oil soluble ink; The surface of the carton shall not be waxed, oiled, or coated with moisture-proof materials such as plastic and asphalt

the German government believes that the act of using packaging to exaggerate the real content capacity is a deceptive act. For example, arranging the folded single corrugated cardboard mat in the carton packaging very loosely, expanding the carton volume and creating an illusion are deceptive packaging and will be dealt with

Germany emphasizes that packaging should be harmless to the ecological environment, human health, recycling or regeneration, and save resources and energy. The manufacturer must pay the "waste recycling charge" for certain packaging of goods. If consumers want to throw away the packaging, they have to pay the "garbage removal fee". Germany has the following restrictions on the corrugated boxes used for food export packaging in China: 1. wax paper or oil separator cannot be used for the outer packaging boxes; 2. glue shall be used to seal the box as far as possible, and PVC or any other plastic tape shall not be used. If you have to use plastic tape to seal the box, you can only use PE/Pb materials; 3. the outer carton cannot be nailed or clamped with any metal or plastic nails, but can only be glued on all sides. The purpose of these new requirements for food carton packaging in Germany is to make the cartons easy to recycle, reduce environmental pollution and prevent the packaging cartons from polluting food during food storage

in May1996, the UK passed the regulations on packaging to meet the needs of civil aircraft design and manufacturing, aiming to make the basic requirements of packaging or packaging products conform to the EU 94/62/ec packaging decree. As the liquid products contained in some packaging containers ferment and expand in case of heat, a certain space must be reserved in the container to prevent damage to the packaging caused by liquid expansion. The British government stipulates that the reserved capacity of metal barrels for liquid is 5%. The food packaging label guidelines issued by the British Food Standards Agency stipulate that the origin label of processed products shall not mislead the origin of the raw materials used. In addition, the guide also lists the best examples of label implementation to encourage the food industry to adopt clear and clear commodity packaging labels

Austria adopted the packaging regulation in october1992, and subsequently issued the packaging target regulation to supplement it. The regulations require producers and sellers to accept and recycle transportation packaging and sales packaging free of charge, and require that 80% of the recycled packaging resources be recycled and reused. In 1994, the draft packaging law was issued, which more accurately elaborated the above legal views and incorporated the contents of the EU 94/62/EC packaging decree. The country has also established a recycling system, the most famous of which is to break through the technical difficulties "eco box" and "eco bag" in the preparation of high-performance water treatment membrane, special separation membrane materials and gas separation membrane

France enacted the packaging regulations in 1993 and the transport packaging regulations in 1994. It is clearly stipulated that the final users of all packaging except household packaging should separate the product from the packaging and be recycled by the company and retailers

the French government has taken a number of measures to ensure food safety, among which an important one is to make clear provisions for the packaging text of the second and third sample foods (including imported foods) in the same way:

a. in addition to the commercial name of the food, the legal name of the food must also be marked on the food packaging. For example, a multi flavor yogurt, although the manufacturer can arbitrarily determine a business name to attract consumers, it must be clearly marked as "yogurt". "Yogurt" is the legal name of this kind of food. Manufacturers shall not deceive consumers with any dazzling name

b. the weight or volume of food must be clearly marked on the prominent position of the packaging box. The volume of the packaging box must be consistent with the volume of the food itself. It is not allowed to use boxes that exceed the volume of the food itself to avoid consumers' misunderstanding of the food unit price. When marking the commodity price, the dealer must indicate the price per kilogram or per liter

c. the contents of various components constituting the food must be marked on the food package and arranged in the order of content. Harmless additives such as perfume, preservative and moisture-proof agent can be used, but they must be marked on the package. Alcohol content must be indicated on the package of alcohol products

d. all adjectives on food packaging shall not be abused, and their meanings shall be clearly defined. For example, "fresh" food refers to food produced within 30 days; "New" foods can only be those that have been put on the market for less than a year, and the proportion of new formulas must be more than 30%. "Natural" food refers to the food obtained in nature and only treated by freezing or disinfection without any additives; "Pure" food can only be used to modify a few oil or honey foods

e. the name and location of the manufacturer, as well as the production date and consumption period must be indicated on the food package. Some foods must be marked with the place of origin. For example, beef products must be marked with "French beef" or "Chinese beef" before they can be sold. The purpose is to effectively supervise these foods and prevent products in the epidemic area from mixing into the food market

f. the legal name, weight or volume, duration of consumption, and the name and location of the manufacturer of the food on the food package must be translated in French or both, and marked in an obvious position. It is not allowed to be hidden or scattered in different places, so that consumers can compare the same kind of food with different brands

Belgium passed the national ecological law in july1993, which came into force in july1995. The country has also formulated an ecological tax, which stipulates that all food packaged with paper and reusable packaging can be exempted from tax, and the packaging of other materials must pay tax

3 EU packaging label and marking system

there are two types of commodity packaging labels and markings in the EU market: one is mandatory and the other is voluntary. Some EU laws only stipulate mandatory signs, while others specify mandatory signs and voluntary signs. The EU stipulates that in some cases, member states can decide on their own that a mark is mandatory. It is voluntary. It should be emphasized that some voluntary commodity packaging marks have become a means of marketing promotion among some EU Member States

in the EU market, the meaning of the mark is different from that of the label (1abel). Mark refers to a symbol or figure appearing on the commodity or its corresponding packaging, including a symbol warning the danger or a figure indicating that the product can be recycled. The purpose of using the mark is to remind the end user of the safety, health or environmental protection issues that should be paid attention to when consuming or using the goods. Labels are in the form of words or numbers. Although a label is required, it does not have to be identifiable in all cases. Generally speaking, the label mainly provides more detailed information about the product, such as size, volume, price, or points out some substances that may exist in the product, such as harmful substances that may exist in textiles or batteries

mandatory marks and labels mainly include CE certification marks, household appliances, textiles, cosmetics, medical equipment, articles liable to cause explosion, electronic and electrical equipment, automobiles, and shipping

voluntary marks and labels: Eco label, green point mark, recycling and classified recycling labels, etc

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